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Quantity of proximity food stocks monitored per country
# Countries Values (T) trend
1 BENIN--
2 BURKINA FASO--
3 CABO VERDE--
4 COTE D'IVOIRE--
5 GAMBIA--
6 GHANA--
7 GUINEE--
8 GUINEE BISSAU--
9 LIBERIA--
10 MALI--
11 MAURTANIE--
12 NIGER--
13 NIGERIA--
14 SENEGAL--
15 SIERRA LEONE--
16 TCHAD--
17 TOGO--
Quantity of proximity food stocks monitored per country

Legende:
valeur min
valeur moy
valeur max
Products State stock Partner stock
Quantities (T) Values(CFA) Stock value (dollar $) Capacity (T) Quantities (T) Values(CFA) Stock value (dollar $) Capacity (T)
Maize -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Rice (Paddy) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Sorghum -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Gari -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Bambara beans -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Products Quantité Values(CFA) Value (dollar $) Capacity (T)
Maize -- -- -- --
Rice (Paddy) -- -- -- --
Sorghum -- -- -- --
Gari -- -- -- --
Bambara beans -- -- -- --
Products Quantité Values(CFA) Value (dollar $) Capacity (T)
Maize -- -- -- --
Rice (Paddy) -- -- -- --
Sorghum -- -- -- --
Gari -- -- -- --
Bambara beans -- -- -- --

Background

Stock monitoring activities are part of the Food Security Storage Support Project in West Africa.


Stock typology

Stocks in the ECOAGRIS framework are grouped into three large blocks:

  • Institutional or public stocks
  • Commercial or private stocks
  • Proximity stocks

Institutional or public stocks

Public stocks are instruments for preventing and managing food crises. In most countries, particularly in the Sahel, the management of these stocks is entrusted to companies or national food security stock management offices. The following can be considered as institutional stocks: national security stocks or reserves; public food aid, intervention stocks or sovereignty stocks; the commercial regulatory stock, etc. All the security stock management offices in the region are grouped together in a network called "RESOGEST".


Commercial or private stocks

These are stocks held by private actors, associations and cooperatives of wholesale traders and large producers. These stocks are exclusively for commercial purposes. They are for the most part located in the major consumption and production inside or outside the main ones.

In total, a minimum of 215 consolidation and consumption markets will be evaluated at the end of the process in the 17 countries as part of the monitoring of Commercial stocks by the National Market Information System (MIF).

Minimum number of market required

PaysMinimum number of market requiredMain Areas of Interest
Benin10Center to the north
Burkina15All
Cap Vert5All
Côte d’Ivoire10Center to the north
Gambie5All
Ghana10North
Guinée10Regional capitals
Guinée Bissau10Regional capitals
Liberia10Regional capitals
Mali20ALl
Mauritanie15All
Niger20ALl
Nigeria20North (13 states)
Sénégal15ALl
Sierre Leone10Regional capitals
Tchad20Regional capitals
Togo10Regional capitals

Proximity Stocks


Proximity stocks are formal or informal collective initiatives managed by small producers or associations to improve availability and access to food or increase incomes by buying grains from producers when prices are low and selling it when prices are profitable. These proximity stocks can be located in both deficit and surplus areas. These Proximty stocks constitute a first line of defence in the ECOWAS regional stockpiling strategy. The proximity stocks that are all cereal banks can be grouped together ; local food security warehouses ;commercial stocks for whole sales ; warrantages, etc.


Figure : Types of proximity stocks